William W. Fitzhugh is an anthropologist who has studied arctic peoples and cultures in northern Canada, Alaska, Russia, Scandinavia, and Mongolia. His research involves Arctic archaeology, northern maritime adaptations, and circumpolar culture contacts. Recent field projects include investigations of the Mongolian Bronze Age, Siberian archaeology, and Inuit and Basque archaeology in Eastern Canada. As a Smithsonian curator, Fitzhugh produced exhibitions on north Pacific cultures, the Ainu of Japan, Vikings, and Eskimo art. He founded the Smithsonian’s Arctic Studies Center (ASC) and established an ASC office at the Anchorage Museum. His books and scientific papers cover ten thousand years of Arctic history and range across the circumpolar region. He is a Senior Scientist at the Smithsonian Institution, teaches at Dartmouth College, and lives in Washington DC and Fairlee, Vermont.
The appearance of European artifacts in the arctic helps archaeologists date Inuit sites.