Texas - History and Heritage

  • Texas is the largest of the contiguous states, with 267,277 square miles.
  • The Texas Capitol in Austin is taller than the U.S. Capitol.
  • More than 5,000 flowering plants are native to Texas.
  • Texas has more than 4,959 square miles of fresh water—more than any state except Alaska.
  • Texas’s four national forests and the Big Thicket National Preserve offer more than 730,000 acres of woodland recreation.
  • Caddo Lake in East Texas is the state's largest natural lake.
  • The King Ranch in Kingsville is the largest ranch in Texas and is slightly larger than the state of Rhode Island.
  • Texas has more than 624 miles of coastline to explore.
  • Houston, Dallas and San Antonio are among the nation's ten largest cities.
  • Texas is the second most populous state in the nation, estimated at more than 20 million residents.
  • The largest concentration of bats in the world is found in Bracken Cave near San Antonio, home to some 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats.
  • Texas is the fifth largest wine producer in the United States.
  • The tallest Texan stands a whopping 52 feet tall—it’s Big Tex, the friendly cowboy who welcomes visitors to the State Fair of Texas.
  • The world's largest livestock auction is held in Amarillo.
  • There are 191,000 miles of streams and rivers in Texas.
  • The world's third largest single structure telescope is atop Mount Fowlkes in the Davis Mountains.
  • The longest footbridge in the United States is in Rusk.
  • The first word transmitted by a human from the moon was "Houston."
  • The Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport covers 29.8 square miles, making it larger than Manhattan, New York.
  • The world's first computer chip was produced by Texas Instruments in Dallas in 1958.
  • Austin was originally named Waterloo.
  • Six nations have ruled Texas: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States and the United States.
  • The tallest peak in Texas is Guadalupe Peak in the Guadalupe Mountains.
  • State Motto: Friendship
  • State Nickname: Lone Star State
  • State Small Mammal: Armadillo
  • State Bird: Mockingbird
  • State Tree: Pecan
  • State Flower: Bluebonnet
  • State Dish: Chili

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