Historic Brooklyn Cemetery Appoints Its First Artist-in-Residence

Green-Wood is the final resting place of Jean-Michel Basquiat and Louis Comfort Tiffany, among others

The Gothic revival entrance of Green-Wood Cemetery, two tall pointed archways and a third tall spire in the middle, in a reddish brick color with a blue sky behind
Green-Wood Cemetery's Gothic Revival entrance Photo by Education Images / Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Editor's Note, October 5, 2020: The Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn has appointed ceramicist Heidi Lau as its first-ever artist in residence, according to a statement.

“I am very excited about developing a project at Green-Wood because for the past few years, my work has been deeply engaged with mourning rituals, burial monuments, and belief systems regarding the afterlife,” says Lau, whose ceramic art is influenced by Taoist mythology, folk superstitions and the colonial history of her home city of Macau. “I would like to conduct extensive research on the symbolism and history behind the monuments and burial architecture on the grounds and incorporate them into my sculptural works.”

Read more about the cemetery's original search below.

As one of the largest, most storied burial sites in the country, Brooklyn’s Green-Wood Cemetery houses the graves of many great Americans, including Neo-Expressionist artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, composer Leonard Bernstein, stained-glass designer Louis Comfort Tiffany and New-York Tribune editor Horace Greeley.

Now, the historic cemetery is inviting a living artist to seek inspiration among the dead. Per Katie White of artnet News, Green-Wood recently announced its inaugural artist-in-residence program. Interested parties can submit applications now through September 6; the residency will span nine months, beginning in January 2021 and ending in September.

The cemetery’s ideal candidate is a locally based, mid-career artist interested in developing a creative project that responds to the history of the space, reports Ben Verde for the Brooklyn Paper.

“Whether it’s the art, the monuments and the architecture, the beautiful landscape, or the history of the residents that are buried here and the history of Green-Wood itself, I’m excited to see what they’re going to focus on,” Harry Weil, Green-Wood’s director of public programs, tells the Brooklyn Paper.

The Fort Hamilton Gatehouse in Green-Wood Cemetery, an ornate Gothic Revival structure built in 1873
The selected artist-in-residence will have a private studio in the Fort Hamilton Gatehouse. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

The chosen artist will receive a $7,500 stipend and access to a private studio in the Fort Hamilton Gatehouse, a Gothic Revival building built in 1873.

Green-Wood—a National Historic Landmark—was incorporated in 1838 as one of the first rural cemeteries in America, according to the Green-Wood Historic Fund. More than 560,000 people are buried on the site, and as Andrea Romano observes for Travel + Leisure, it has long been the final destination of choice for many famous and wealthy New Yorkers.

Established during the “garden cemetery” movement, which sought to reimagine graveyards as public gardens, the 478-acre property boasts ponds, hills, and thousands of historical monuments and gravestones. The Revolutionary War’s Battle of Long Island was fought on the future cemetery’s grounds in 1776, making it a popular site for historical reenactments.

“Green-Wood and great works of art go together. Since opening in 1838, we have been a muse to artists of every discipline,” Green-Wood President Richard J. Moylan tells the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. “It’s not coincidental that Green-Wood was chosen as the final resting place by scores of 19th- and 20th-century artists—numbering over 400—including Asher B. Durand, John Frederick Kensett, George Catlin and Jean-Michel Basquiat.”

Green-Wood's iconic front entrance, as seen on May 30, 1899 Photo by Museum of the City of New York / Byron Collection / Getty Images
The grave of artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, as pictured in 2015 Public domain via Wikimedia Commons
The grave of composer Leonard Bernstein, as seen in 2013 Photo by Andrew Lichtenstein / Corbis via Getty Images

In 2017, Green-Wood debuted a public work by French artist Sophie Calle. Titled Here Lie the Secrets of the Visitors of Green-Wood Cemetery, the installation encourages tourists to slip secret-lined pieces of paper through the slot of a tomb-like structure. The obelisk-shaped object then empties its contents into a “grave.”

The project’s popularity, coupled with a similarly successful 2019 exhibition featuring the work of artist Janine Antoni, encouraged the cemetery to move forward with the previously proposed residency program, Weil tells Chelsia Rose Marcius of New York Daily News.

Other notable individuals buried on Green-Wood’s grounds include William Magear “Boss” Tweed, the infamous “boss” of Tammany Hall, who was laid to rest in 1878 after spending his last years imprisoned for corruption, and Susan Smith McKinney-Steward, who became the first African American woman physician in New York State after graduating at the top of her medical school class in 1870. McKinney-Steward’s tombstone reads, “Illustrious ‘through faith,’ as wife, mother, physician.”

Green-Wood’s artist-in-residence will gain access to the cemetery’s vast archives, which include correspondence from residents’ family members and memorabilia belonging to various artists, according to the Brooklyn Paper.

Weil tells the New York Daily News that he hopes the chosen artist will dig deep into the archives, as well as the site’s 182-year history, for inspiration.

“We have plot diagrams of where people are buried that offer insights to 19th century burial practices,” he says. “ … We also have books that listed what people died from—so an artist can even be inspired by diseases of the 19th century. We’re really keeping it open-ended in terms of the possibilities of what the artist can do here.”

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