In the ten days since he was sworn into office, Brazil’s president Jair Bolsonaro has already enacted a rash of measures that have sparked concerns across the globe.
Among his first orders of business, reports Gabriella Angeleti of the Art Newspaper, was dissolving the country’s ministry of culture, along with the ministries of sports and social development.
All three ministries have been merged into a single department fronted by Osmar Terra, who served as the minister of social development under the previous government. By his own admission, Terra has little experience in cultural policy. According to Angeleti, he “was criticised by Brazilian arts leaders when he said his only cultural expertise is that he knows ‘how to play the berimbau,’ a single-string instrument played to accompany capoeira.”
News about the dismantled culture ministry has fallen somewhat quietly amid Bolsonaro’s other reforms.
Shortly after ascending to power, Bolsonaro, a far-right, Evangelical Christian, known for making degrading comments about women, members of the LGBTQ community and Afro-Brazilian, transferred responsibility for overseeing indigenous territories from the National Indian Foundation to the ministry of agriculture, which supports industries that hope to tap into indigenous lands. He also closed an agency of the Education Ministry that sought to promote diversity in public schools and universities, and wiped LGBTQ concerns from the responsibilities of new human rights ministry.
“Girls will be princesses and boys will be princes,” Damares Alves, an evangelical pastor who has been appointed Brazil’s the new Human Rights Minister, said, according to the Associated Press. “There will be no more ideological indoctrination of children and teenagers in Brazil.”
The culture ministry’s dissolution was not a surprise to experts. Artists have been a target of Bolsonaro’s supporters, and the president has zeroed in on cultural policies as part of his promises to bring dramatic changes to a country still reeling from its worst economic recession on record. Shortly after he was elected, for instance, Bolsonaro announced that he would review Brazil’s Rouanet law, which offers tax incentives to private entities and individuals who invest in cultural projects. He has said that the law wastes resources, Angeleti reports.
“It’s very sad,” Brazilian art dealer Pedro Mendes tells Henri Neuendorf of artnet News. “But he is doing exactly everything he claimed he would.”
It is not yet clear how federally funded cultural institutions will be affected by the changes to Brazil’s culture ministry, but members of the artistic community are worried about the country’s new direction. As Mendes, the art dealer, tells artnet, “It’s a very dark time in Brazil.”