Interactive: Seeking Abraham Lincoln at the Gettysburg Address
A series of photographs captured in November 1863 give us a sense of what happened when Lincoln delivered his famous speech
The Search for Lincoln
Photographer Alexander Gardner's studio made two stereo views a few minutes apart (this is the left side of the second). Independently, Christopher Oakley and John Richter studied the images for signs of Lincoln.
One Scene, Two Sightings
In 2007, Richter identified a man on a horse as Lincoln. Last spring, Oakley identified a different Lincoln in this higher-resolution scan of the left side of Gardner's second photo.
Oakley thinks that Richter's man cannot be Lincoln. See some of the reasons why above.
The Bachrach photograph
David Bachrach's photograph was believed to be the only one of Lincoln at Gettysburg. Oakley used it to identify the prominent figures who surrounded the president.
Move mouse over photo to discover who else has been identified
Rev. Henry Louis Baugher
Governor-elect of Ohio
Commissioner of the Gettysburg Cemetery
Former Secretary of State (1852-1853)
James B. Fry
Provost Marshall General
of the United States
Lincoln's Assistant Secretary
Ward Hill Lamon
U.S. Marshall of the
District of Columbia
Dr. Henry Janes
Regimental Surgeon for the 3rd Vermont Infantry
Fathers of Confederation (Canada)
of New Jersey
Lincoln's Private Secretary
Abraham B. Olin
Solomon Newton Pettis
Francis H. Pierpont
portions of Virginia
William H. Seward
Secretary of State
Governor of New York
16th Michigan Infantry
Governor of Ohio
Read the full story of how Christopher Oakley identified Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg
Take a look at the above interactive to see how Christopher Oakley, a former Disney animator, pored over photographs of the dedication ceremony at the Soldiers' National Battlefield, where President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address. There are three images of note, two made by noted Civil War photographer Alexander Gardner and one by David Bacharach.
The first screen details an identification of Lincoln made by John Richter, the director of the Center for Civil War Photography. Richter used two of Gardner's stereoscopic photographs (two identical images that, when seen together through a viewer, present a 3-D landscape) to identify a figure atop a horse as Lincoln. The right side of the second Gardner stereo view is seen in this screen; Oakley was able to obtain a high-resolution scan of the left side of this photograph, seen in the second screen.
This second screen, the higher-resolution version of Gardner's second stereo view, allowed Oakley to identify what he sees as Lincoln in a different location. He used a variety of sources, including an identification of Lincoln's secretary of state, William Seward, and a Lincoln portrait captured days earlier by Gardner, as a marker for seeking Lincoln. Oakley, who believes that Gardner assigned one of his associates to capture this stereo view, identifies Gardner in the foreground.
The third screen provides one of the sources used by Oakley to place the various members of Lincoln's "Team of Rivals"—his cabinet. In 1952, Josephine Cobb of the National Archives identified Lincoln in a photo taken by David Bachrach. It was considered to be the only image of Lincoln at Gettysburg until Richter made his identification 55 years later.
Learn more about Oakley's work at the Virtual Lincoln Project.