Peru is home to the world's rarest chocolate, Pure Nacional, a once prevalent strand of cocoa bean that was thought extinct until a few years ago. Its rediscovery helped pave the way for a new world of chocolate tourism in this South American country. Unlike Belgium and Switzerland, Peru both produces chocolate and grows its own cocoa beans. Peru boasts several outposts of Choco Museo, a museum highlighting the America's long-standing chocolate history and traditions. There are two in Lima and another in Cuzco, where you can make your own chocolate truffles and tour nearby cocoa plantations. Another popular stop for chocolate tourists is Orquidea Chocolate Factory, a mountain-top artisanal factory in the Peruvian jungle that's a collaboration between NGO funding and local communities.