What Are America’s Most Iconic Homes?- page 6 | History | Smithsonian
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(Model by Studios Eichbaum + Arnold, 2010. Photo by Museum staff.)

What Are America’s Most Iconic Homes?

According to the National Building Museum, these houses, more than most, have impacted the way we live

Vizcaya

Vizcaya Miami
(Model by Studios Eichbaum + Arnold, 2010. Photo by Museum staff.)
When James Deering, a former vice president of agricultural equipment giant International Harvester, decided that he wanted a winter home in Miami, he toured Europe and its grand homes for inspiration. The 18th-century Villa Rezzonico, near Venice, Italy, became his muse.

Deering named his masterpiece, a 70-room mansion on Biscayne Bay, Vizcaya. Completed in 1916, the stucco residence is trimmed with Florida limestone and roofed with red tile. Inside, there is a central loggia, or roofed courtyard, a welcoming place for visitors arriving by boat.

Vizcaya has been a huge influence on architecture throughout Miami, where homes often incorporate stucco, tile roofs and courtyards. Today, the site is open to the public.

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