The Detail of a Mesa on Mars

Mars Express studies a chasm.

hebes chasma mesa
This amazingly detailed image from ESA's Mars Express orbiter shows the Hebes Chasma mesa: The details of the central mesa inside Hebes Chasma are seen in close-up detail in this perspective view. A horseshoe-shaped chunk has been taken out of one side of the mound (left in this image); the material has slumped down onto the floor of the valley below. A dark patch appears to pool like spilt ink across the debris. It is most likely loose material that has slid down the walls from an intermediate layer. Melted ice could have played a role by weakening the rocks to create its flow-like appearance. Along the side of the mound fine horizontal layering is seen. The layers likely comprise a mix of wind-blown dust and ancient lake sediments, along with remnants of the older plateau. Image: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum) ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)