President Fidel Ramos grants amnesty to indigenous rebel groups. Two years later, his government signs a peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front.
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo is sworn in as president after Joseph Estrada, charged with corruption, is deposed. She is reelected for a six-year term in 2004.
20 people, including Americans Martin and Gracia Burnham, are abducted by the Islamist group Abu Sayyaf. After 376 days, Martin is killed in a battle between the terrorists and Philippine forces; Gracia is rescued.
A bomb on a ferry causes a fire, killing 116 people. Abu Sayyaf claims responsibility.
A bomb, likely planted by Abu Sayyaf, kills 15 people in a Manilla market crowded with Christmas shoppers.