Elbridge Thomas Gerry, 5th Vice President of the United States (1813–1814)
At the United States Constitutional Convention in 1787, Gerry and two others—Edmund Randolph and George Mason—refused to sign the Constitution because it did not then include a Bill of Rights. Prior to his service as vice president to James Madison, Gerry was governor of Massachusetts and lost reelection in 1812 over his support for a redistricting bill that benefited his Democratic-Republican Party. Out of that debate, the term “gerrymander” was born. What animal inspired this term?