Georgia O'Keeffe became one of the most dynamic and compelling artists of the twentieth century, known for both her large-scale paintings of detailed, magnified flowers as well as her kinetic cityscapes. Her paintings played an integral role in the development of the art movement called American Modernism. O’Keeffe initially studied at the Art Institute of Chicago but felt unfulfilled. She left the fine arts behind, working instead as a commercial artist and later as a teacher. In 1916, famed photographer Alfred Stieglitz gave O’Keeffe her first show at his 291 gallery. The two married in 1924. Following Steiglitz’s death in 1946, O'Keeffe moved to New Mexico and created paintings inspired by the stark, powerful beauty of the rugged landscape. Her fame continued to rise through the 1950s and 1960s, and her work was featured in a number of major retrospectives. In 1985 President Ronald Reagan awarded her the Medal of the Arts.