13th Annual Smithsonian.com Photo Contest
Bayandalai Ganbat (11), a member of the Tsaatan ethnic minority, races on his father’s reindeer with his friend.
The Tsaatan people are one of the last remaining groups of nomadic reindeer herders in Mongolia, and have been maintaining their traditions for thousands of years. They seasonally migrate within the forests of the Taiga according to weather and food conditions for their reindeer, which they depend on for milk and transportation.
They face challenges to their traditional way of life, with recently introduced laws aimed at conservation limiting their ability to hunt wild animals for food, and climate change affecting their habitat and possibly exposing reindeer to disease.
Previously self-supporting, they now are partly dependent on government handouts and tourism to enable them to buy meat and other supplies. Reindeer’s milk makes up an important part of the Tsaatan diet and reindeer’s antlers are used to make handcrafts.
© Madoka Ikegami.
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||Nov. 3, 2015, 2:49 a.m.