Crawford W. Long Museum

28 College Street, Jefferson, GA 30549 - United States




Known as the “Birthplace of Anesthesia,” the Crawford W. Long Museum is located on the site where the first painless surgery was performed March 30, 1842, by Dr. Crawford Long.

Explore permanent exhibits that tell the story of Dr. Long, his discovery, his work in pharmacy, his family and his achievements.

Explore the mid-1800s general store reflecting the past culture of Jackson County and trace the development of anesthesia from 1842 to advanced modern operating technology. Located on the Jefferson Public Square at 28 College Street, Jefferson, Georgia.

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Long Gallery
Diorama depicting first surgery with anesthetic and many personal Long family heirlooms. This gallery also houses the ancestral tree charts, oil portraits of Dr. Long and his wife, Caroline and a replica of his statue that stands in Statuary Hall in Washington DC.

Development of Anesthesia Gallery
Video viewing area and items used in the early days of anesthesia administration. Exhibit progresses to early anesthesia machines in date order reflecting changes made for safety and patient comfort.

Pendergrass General Store Gallery
Houses multiple exhibits which expand on topics related to Dr. Long’s life including medical and pharmaceutical items, amputation kits, Civil War medicine and The Country Doctors of this town over 100 years; brief history of dentistry; early medical office furniture and brief history of obstetrics. The store’s counters and shelves display both items sold in General Stores and household items from the late 1800s and early 1900s.

View an exhibit on Stamp Day 1940 when Dr. Long was recognized with a 2 cent stamp and a temporary exhibit on the Harrison Hotel... 122 years of Hospitality.

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