Bacon's Castle

465 Bacon's Castle Trail, Surry, VA 23883 - United States





Bacon’s Castle is the oldest brick dwelling in North America and was once the home of Arthur Allen, a prosperous merchant and planter, and his family. Allen’s Brick House earned the moniker “Bacon’s Castle” in 1676 when several of Nathaniel Bacon’s men occupied the home for four months during the uprising that became known as Bacon’s Rebellion.

Bacon’s Castle is an example of High Jacobean architecture and notable for its stunning triple stacked chimneys. The home features a reconstructed 17th-century English formal garden restored by the Garden Club of Virginia. Several outbuildings also survive, including an 1830 slave dwelling.

Preservation Virginia acquired Bacon’s Castle in the 1970’s at auction and meticulously researched, restored and furnished the house in the 1980’s.


Guided Tour
In a 30-minute tour guided by one of our trained interpreters, you’ll learn about the lives of the families who made Bacon’s Castle home. Engage with fellow visitors and discuss Bacon’s Rebellion and the ways that uprising set the stage for further conflict in early America. Make sure you ask about the love letter delicately inscribed in one of the windows.

Self-Guided Tour of Bacon’s Castle
Walk through our exhibit space and explore the grounds and outbuildings, including the 1830 slave dwelling, a smoke house and both 18th and 20th century barns.

17th-century English Formal Gardens
Stroll through the garden and see what’s in bloom! After extensive archaeological surveys and research sponsored by the Garden Club of Virginia, the garden at Bacon’s Castle has been restored and planted with heirloom flowers and plants.

Picnic Area
Pack a lunch and eat at one of our six picnic tables.

Jamestown-Scotland Ferry
You can hop on the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry for free to visit Preservation Virginia’s Historic Jamestown or take a short car ride to Smith’s Fort Plantation.

Participation in Museum Day is open to any tax-exempt or governmental museum or cultural venue on a voluntary basis. Smithsonian magazine encourages museum visitation, but is not responsible for and does not endorse the content of the participating museums and cultural venues, and does not subsidize museums that participate.