“I have no liking for novels or stories,” Mark Twain once wrote—and often repeated.
You’d have to be as gullible as the boys who whitewashed Tom Sawyer’s fence to believe the famous writer didn’t read, but the 19th-century literati still fell for it, dismissing Twain as unsophisticated. “Even today there are those who look down their nose at Twain as an unrefined upstart,” says Alan Gribben, a professor at Auburn University.
In truth, Twain was a voracious reader, and Gribben has spent almost 50 years compiling a list of the 3,000 books in Twain’s library, which was scattered after his death. The scholar has also zeroed in on hundreds of works that influenced Twain’s writing, including these titles:
Gribben says Twain “read and annotated every popular book published on astronomy”—and it shows in works such as his Captain Stormfield’s Visit to Heaven. Twain was also inspired by the poet-astronomer Omar Khayyám, writing a poem in Khayyám’s style.