Marvels of the Mughals
You have traveled all the way to see the Taj Mahal—now what? Fortunately, the city of Agra is dotted with spellbinding architecture
- By Megan Gambino
- Smithsonian.com, August 17, 2011
The Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula, Agra. (© ARCImages India / Alamy)
In Agra, on the Yamuna River just north of the Taj Mahal, Jahangir’s wife, Empress Nur Jahan, commissioned a tomb for her father, an official who served under both Akbar and Jahangir. Sometimes called the “Baby Taj,” the small, 250-square-foot tomb, built between 1622 and 1628, is a departure from the red sandstone architecture that came before it and the first example of the white marble style that Shah Jahan would become so taken with. The marble exterior of the mausoleum, which actually holds both Itmad-ud-Daulah and his wife entombed side by side as well as other relatives in adjoining rooms, is inlaid with semi-precious stones placed in intricate designs of trees, bouquets of flowers, wine glasses and fruit.