The independent Republic of the Philippines is founded.
Jurisdiction over U.S. military bases passes to the Philippine government.
After ruling for 20 years, strongman Ferdinand Marcos is forced into exile.
President Corazon Aquino restores democracy but fails to control rebels and the military; she's voted out in 1992.
Mount Pinatubo erupts, leaving 100,000 people homeless and prompting the evacuation and closing of U.S.-leased Clark Air Force Base.