1910: splitsville. In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt (R) picks William H. Taft as his successor and leaves for Africa. But over two years Taft alienates the progressive wing of the GOP over tariffs, natural resource conservation, workers’ rights and other issues. In the 1910 midterms, his party pays: 57 seats lost in the House, 10 in the Senate. With the Republicans splitting, he faces not only Woodrow Wilson (D) in 1912, but also a renegade bid from Roosevelt. Wilson wins with 42 percent of the popular vote.
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