(Smithsonian Libraries, The Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology)
Wonder Woman Comic
1941, Smithsonian Libraries
A new-look superhero was conceived as a fighter of crime, fascism—and sexism
“Not even girls want to be girls so long as our feminine archetype lacks force, strength and power,” psychologist William Moulton Marston wrote in 1943. He had already modeled a new archetype on his wife and fellow psychologist, Elizabeth Holloway Marston, and Olive Byrne, a homemaker who lived with the Marstons in a relationship that included shared children. Wonder Woman, a magic-lasso-toting dispenser of justice, broke the superhero glass ceiling in All Star Comics in December 1941.